英語

Native Americanの言葉が名前となったStatesをlist upします

スポンサー広告

前回で紹介しましたように、多くのアメリカの地名は先住民の言葉に由来しているのです。

実は、アメリカ合衆国の50州(states)の内、半分以上はNative Americanの部族名や地名から借りたものです。

実は、多くのアメリカ人でさえこの事実に気が付いていないようです。

学術的に議論されている州名を含めますが、先住民族の言葉が由来の州の名前をリストアップします。(解説はVoice of Americaの抜粋です)

  1. Alabama. The name of the Albaamaha, a tribe native to the state. It could be derived from the word albina, which means “campsite” in their own language, or from the Choctaw alba amo, which mean “clearing brush.”
  2. Alaska. Alaxsxix, which is a name from language of the Unangan people whom the Russians called Aleuts. It means “place the sea crashes against.”
  3. Arizona. Arizonac, which is a Spanish corruption of a local Indian name– possibly the Tohono O’odham word alishonag, which means “little spring.”
  4. Arkansas. Akansa, the word the Illinois people called the Ugakhpa people native to the region, meaning “wind people” or “people of the south wind.”
  5. Connecticut. Quinnitukqut, “long river,” which is what the Mohegan tribe called the longest river in New England.
  6. Hawaii. Likely from Hawaiian Hawai’i, from Proto-Polynesian hawaiki, meaning “place of the gods.” It may also refer to the Polynesian hero Hawaiʻiloa, who according to legend, discovered the islands.
  7. Illinois. May be derived from Illiniwek, which is what the Illini tribe called themselves. It means roughly “superior people.”
  8. Iowa. Ayuhwa, which is one of the tribal names of the Ioway tribe, meaning as “sleepy ones.” They say it’s a nickname given them by Sioux tribes.
  9. Kansas. Kansa, which is the name of the Kansa tribe. Literally the name means “south” and is a shortened form of their own tribal name for themselves, “People of the South Wind.”
  10. Kentucky. Kentake, which is believed to derive from Iroquoian words for “meadow” or “field.”
  11. Massachusetts. Massachuset, which is a Wampanoag Indian name meaning “by the hills.”
  12. Michigan. Mshigem or Misigami, which are the native names for Lake Michigan in the Potawatomi and Ojibwe languages. Both names mean “great lake.”
  13. Minnesota. Still debated. It may be derived from misshikama, which means “big lake” in the Ojibwe language. It could also be derived from the Dakota Mnisota, which means “cloudy water.”
  14. Mississippi. Misiziibi, from the Ojibwe language meaning “big river,” a reference to the longest river in North America.
  15. Missouri. From Ouemessourita, what the Illinois people called the tribe native to this state: “Big canoe people.”
  16. Nebraska. Nibthaska or Nibrathka, which are the native names for the Platte River in the Omaha-Ponca and Otoe languages. Both names mean “flat river.”
  17. New Mexico. Named after the country. Mexico is a place name from the Aztec language Nahuatl, “city of the Aztecs.” May also reference Mextli, the Aztec war god.
  18.  North and
  19. South Dakota. Dakota, which is the tribal name of the Dakota people, “friends” or “the allies.”
  20. Ohio. May be taken from Ohiyo, “beautiful,” which is the name of the Ohio River in the Seneca language. It could also be taken from the Huron peoples word meaning “the large one.”
  21. Oklahoma. From the Choctaw okla homma, which means “red people.”
  22. Oregon. Scholars don’t agree on whether this state’s name is actually taken from Native Americans, as some theorize. One theory is that it derives from oolighan, a Chinook name for a small fish found in the state’s water.
  23. Tennessee. From Tanasi and/or Tanasqui, names of what some believe are two separate Cherokee towns in the region but may actually have been dual names for the same town.
  24. Texas. Taysha, which means “friend” or “ally” in the Caddo Indian language.
  25. Utah. Ute is the name of an Indian tribe native to the state. This tribal name may have come from the word nuutsiu, which means “the people” in their own language. It may also be derived from yuttahih, the Apache word for “people higher up.”
  26. Wisconsin. Wishkonsing, which is the Ojibwe name for the Wisconsin River. However, this word does not have a specific meaning in the Ojibwe language. It may have been derived from the Miami meskonsing, or “river running through a red place,” a reference to the red sandstone formations along the river that bisects the state.
  27. Wyoming. Chwewamink, which means “by the big river flat” in the Lenape Indian tribe. The Lenape were a Delaware tribe from the east coast. It’s believed that white settlers from that area brought the name with them when they moved to this western state.

 

以上が先住民族の言葉から借りた州の名前です。

しかし、その他、市、群や町の名前にも数え切れないほどのNative Americanの言葉が地名として残っています。

興味がありましたら、アメリカの詳細な地図を調べてみて下さい。それらしい地名がいっぱい出てきます。

スポンサー広告